Ldap Authentication Api

In many cases, it is best to continue to use that directory, even when your application sits in the IBM Cloud. Scan Engine Group Operations. Organization membership (as well as the organization admin) and team memberships can be synchronized. Authentication is activated in Reaper by default. If you wish to add LDAP external authentication in addition for Ambari Web, you need to make some edits to the Ambari properties file. Here's how you do HTTP basic authentication with curl and PHP. This command shows the configuration settings of LDAPLightweight Directory Access Protocol. NET technology. an extension to the LDAP architecture. An optional value in milliseconds that defines for how long an idle connection to LDAP server will live before being closed. The Authentication Method by which the client authenticated to the DSA. As the application attempts to authenticate a user, it queries the target LDAP server. The contents of the authenticated LDAP Entry. This blog post. Create an Angular 2 Application with Express. LDAP user search configurations: This is the section of the Authentication & Authorization page where you specify search parameters, like Base DN, scope, filter, the username attribute, and the full name attribute. Zabbix LDAP authentication works at least with Microsoft Active Directory and OpenLDAP. Basic Authentication. In each of these cases the user is already authenticated. ldapjs gives you a powerful routing and "intercepting filter" pattern for implementing server(s). mode - Optional. In Katana (Microsoft’s OWIN framework and host implementation) there is an abstraction for creating middleware that does authentication. What This Does. Verify that the security policy is now in effect – the endpoint of your API should now require authentication. Step 1; Now we will create a simple web-app that authenticates the users who access the web-app. They are recommending "modify the code (do a BIND as the manager DN account to read attributes of the user right after the successful bind as the user). For the first purpose (validating credentials) there is no real advantage in using LDAP vs SMTP auth but for the second purpose (validating a user's existence) there are several reasons why we suggest using LDAP authentication. Vice versa, if internal authentication is used globally, LDAP authentication details can be specified and used for specific user groups whose frontend access is set to LDAP. This page lists vulnerability statistics for all versions of Ldap / Sso Authentication Project Ldap / Sso Authentication. Authentication Operations. 5 with an Microsoft Active Directory. This documentation includes a guide on using Zend\Authentication\Adapter\Ldap, an exploration of its API, an outline of the various available options, diagnostic information for troubleshooting authentication problems, and example options for both Active Directory and OpenLDAP servers. API Identity Management with LDAP Server By Mamoon Yunus | Date posted: February 24, 2014. Typical tenants might include AUTH_alice (to access her own account) or AUTH_shared (to access a shared account) or LDAP_bob (to access Bob's account, which is authenticated via LDAP). @Paul Codding. Pluggable Authentication Model (PAM) is an API for authentication services. I have found many tutorials on authenticating but not through LDAP or Active Directory with MVC 4 Web Application and Internet Application project template. You can also specify mappings between LDAP group memberships and Grafana Organization user roles. Configuring the Ceph Object Gateway to use LDAP authentication¶ The following parameters in the Ceph configuration file are related to the LDAP authentication: rgw_ldap_uri: Specifies the LDAP server to use. I have found many tutorials on authenticating but not through LDAP or Active Directory with MVC 4 Web Application and Internet Application project template. RESTful API Authentication Basics 28 November 2016 on REST API, Architecture, Guidelines, API, REST API Security. Use this configuration to debug authentication failures with LDAP providers. LDAP Authentication. In this blog post I will provide a small introduction, some suggestions on how LDAP connections can be debugged and an example how an LDAP server (ApacheDS in this example) can be used as an external authentication provider in Weblogic server. LDAP Authentication in 1. This Guide explains securing REST API using Basic Authentication with help of examples involving two separate clients [Postman & a Spring RestTemplate based Java app. Zabbix LDAP authentication works at least with Microsoft Active Directory and OpenLDAP. It is designed to provide strong authentication for client/server applications by using secret-key cryptography. All connections are out-bound from the connector to the Auth0 Server, so changes to. It should be more specific. So, it’s safe to assume that LDAP authentication will be a foundational element of identity management for years to come. More Information#. If a user in a LDAP is a member of a group called "zabbix_guest" or "zabbix_dba", this groups could be mapped to the zabbix groups. Cannot use CLI or URL with API token with Active Directory as the access control security realm. Authentication is activated in Reaper by default. mitacademy 3)syd. When logging in through the UI. Note that if the user is an LDAP user, Team Password Manager will transparently authenticate the API request using LDAP, like if the user were signing in from the web interface. Right-click LDAP Repositories, and click Add a new Repository. System Administrator and LDAP Authentication. Explore the Authentication API: Authentication Operations Primary Authentication. Hi AL MUBARAK, AL MUBARAK. Using the OAuth Authorizations API with two-factor authentication. Authentication Levels LDAP. Every authentication transaction starts with primary authentication which validates a user's primary password credential. Re: AD/LDAP SSO with TV Thanks DomLan for your reply! From what I got by calling TV Support team is that the API actually allow such things as federating authentication but arent ready to put effort in documenting it and give code samples and the such but its there. LDAP Authentication. Authentication in LDAP The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is an application protocol for accessing and maintaining distributed directory information services over an IP network. LinkedIn security proposes the following: The principal is just a user name (i. OpenDJ: REST to LDAP, part 3 On April 5, 2013 By Mark Craig In Directory Services and LDAP Since my last post on this topic , there have been some important changes in RESTful access to OpenDJ. The Elsevier APIs support various authentication methods. Any additional roles must be presented via the App (splunk) or LDAP. The ability to support LDAPv3 over SSL/TLS (ldaps or ldap with startTLS) is the only thing required for connecting to ED-Auth. I'm working on WEB API project using ASP. authentication. Configure your LDAP Authentication Provider. An easy way to restrict access to the web application is to do it at the network level, or by using SSH tunnels. properties. LDAP bind & LDAP read support: You can use applications that rely on LDAP binds to authenticate users in domains serviced by Azure AD Domain Services. POST /api/v1/authn. Choose LDAP in the Authentication drop-down list. This Open Source Guide is about LDAP, OpenLDAP 2. The API uses the OAuth 2. Basic LDAP Authentication and Common Challenges. auth_enabled=true # Choose LDAP connector as security provider for both. LDAP Java API¶ This is the Java implementation of a new LDAP API. (Trying to use Kerberos ). The document will refer to concepts of Public Key Infrastructures (PKI) like certificates, Certifying. Apply the LDAP Security Manager policy and configure it to connect to your LDAP. The Cheat Sheet Series project has been moved to GitHub! Please visit Authentication Cheat Sheet to see the latest version of the cheat sheet. Because these apps are authenticated against Universal Directory, Okta can control access and centralize credentials for applications that support the LDAP authentication protocol. It is similar to the C API, with the notable differences that lists are manipulated via Python list operations and errors appear as exceptions. The characters and case must also match. Anatomy of an LDAP configuration. Hi AL MUBARAK, AL MUBARAK. This guide outlines the parent registration setup and workflow for those that use LDAP authentication for their students. If you are not using LDAP authentication then you can skip this section. which can be used to connect your application with LDAP for Authentication. Integrations with other authentication protocols (LDAP, SAML, Kerberos, alternate x509 schemes, etc) can be accomplished using an authenticating proxy or the authentication webhook. The default authentication method for the CLI and API is the a DAP. NET LDAP authentication application using ADAM. 15 (2nd May 2017) Updated baseline version of Jenkins to 1. May 3, 2017 · 5 minute read · Tags: core, security You're building an ASP. You can integrate an external user system with Firebase. Note that if the user is an LDAP user, Team Password Manager will transparently authenticate the API request using LDAP, like if the user were signing in from the web interface. 0 : problem with LDAP authentication in REST API. There are several advantages to using API keys: Security: API keys are randomly generated and can't be used to log into Appian. dll and System. I will not show how to install particular packages, as it is distribution/system dependent. The LDAP Authentication web service uses LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) to query a customer’s Active Directory in order to authenticate a user. Spring LDAP 1. To enable LDAP domain authentication: Click on the Platform | Set Up User Authentication menu item. System Administrator and LDAP Authentication. In your clients' settings, set the LDAP server to the IP address or host name of your Duo authentication proxy. Windows authentication only works on the Windows OS and requires pywin32 and kerberos-sspi python packages. There are several ways to use AD for authentication, you can use Centrify Express, Likewise Open, pam_krb5, LDAP or winbind. Of course there can be new protocol around, for example rest api, but the concept is always the same. There is already a wide range of open source and proprietary LDAP-enabled software, but organizations using an LDAP server to store data often want to write their own applications tailored specifically to their use of that data. JavaScript in web resources: With JavaScript within HTML web resources, form scripts, or ribbon commands you don’t need to include any code for authentication. Authentication methods# VMware vCloud Director uses different authentication mechanisms for subscriber authentication to the vCloud Director portal and vCloud API. Using the OAuth Authorizations API with two-factor authentication. With Secure Login Server, you get an easy on-the-fly conversion of your LDAP user credentials into X. Before we start, a note about what LDAP is - it stands for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol and it's an open, vendor-neutral protocol for accessing directory services. Custom Authentication. If your MongoDB deployments also use LDAP, you must separately create MongoDB users for the Ops Manager agents, as described in Configure Monitoring Agent for LDAP and Configure Backup Agent for LDAP Authentication. Getting Help and Providing Feedback If you have questions about the contents of this guide or any other topic related to RabbitMQ, don't hesitate to ask them on the RabbitMQ mailing list. Web API 2 and MVC 5 both support authentication filters, but they differ slightly, mostly in the naming conventions for the filter interface. Http Service Authentication Provider: Allows the definition of HTTP URL endpoints that correspond to each method in the User Authentication Provider interface. For external authentication, Rochade supports access to authentication data located in an external LDAP directory that is administered by an LDAP server. 0 in a network including an ABAP system which does not support SAML 2. This article stands on its own, but if you feel you need to catch up here are the links to the previous articles: Designing a RESTful API with Python and Flask. Digest authentication scheme as defined in RFC 2617. LDAP Authentication In the LDAP, authentication information is supplied in the "bind" operation. 10 and before, the registry client in the Docker Engine only supports Basic Authentication. That initiates a series of challenge response messages that result in either a successful authentication or a failure to authenticate. Before Cisco acquired Acano, this was referred to as a coSpace and in the API the older coSpace terminology still persists, so any API method mentioning a coSpace is referring to what we today call a Space. Today I will be showing you a simple, yet secure way to protect a Flask based API with password or token based authentication. My question is can I do LDAP authentication with wget, and if so, how? Since I'm sure these comments will come up:. LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a standard protocol used for user management. 0 adds a couple of methods to LdapTemplate, making the authentication procedure very straightforward:. Remember that by default, the sysadmin credentials are stored in the Edge internal LDAP. LDAP server tests correctly Login works correctly in the Drupal web UI for an user existing only in LDAP. Authentication is activated in Reaper by default. The philosophy of the LDAP API is to keep simple things simple. Make Raspberry Pi Do LDAP Authentication: IntroductionBy default, Raspberry Pi authenticate users against a local password file (/etc/passwd). Authentication tokens are not stored in the platform, and consumers must store the authentication tokens securely. Authentication and RBAC with Active Directory. all our DCs are located on different node of virtual infrastructure and also we have one physical DC. By default, LDAP authentication is disabled in Team Password Manager. 0 authentication process determines both the principal and the application. Apache LDAP/Active Directory Authentication¶ Use a Windows Active Directory (or another LDAP Server) to manage your Apache Basic Authentication Imagine a typical Company Office. Connecting to an LDAP Directory Server. directory systems like LDAP in their current states are poor choices as authentication services through the de-sign and implementation of a SYN flooding denial-of- service attack. Output: domain_controller The domain controllers option is server name located on your network that serve Active Directory. API Security: Ways to Authenticate and Authorize but an LDAP server is the most popular solution. The class provides several static methods used to authenticate users and change passwords. LDAP Authentication You can configure LDAP authentication for client connections with Impala on a non-secure MapR cluster. Getting started npm install ldapjs If you're new to LDAP, check out the guide. A directory service is a hierarchical object oriented database view of an authentication system. Make Raspberry Pi Do LDAP Authentication: IntroductionBy default, Raspberry Pi authenticate users against a local password file (/etc/passwd). ) from the LDAP directory. Support for Universal 2nd Factor Authentication - YubiKeys; Security Webcast with Yubico; Integrations: GitLab as OAuth2 authentication service provider; GitLab as OpenID Connect identity provider; GitLab administrators. In Citrix ADM, navigate to System > Authentication > LDAP. An Identity Provider is software which is dedicated to managing the interaction with the Identity Store(s) for authentication and authorization purposes. This way, every part of rest is accessible to anyone, but the ldap server itself will reject your attempts to use it. After the first authentication the browser asks immediately to re-authenticate. While the above has indeed been possible to do using previous versions of Spring LDAP, it has required quite a lot of work and resulted in rather messy code. The LdapIdentityProvider is a service implementing the ExternalIdentityProvider interface. The LDAP Authentication Service name. 6 that makes it much easier to debug LDAP authentication issues compared to earlier versions of DSE. The LDAP server is running OpenBSD 3. Allows the definition of an LDAP connection, and a mapping of user object attributes and security groups in the LDAP system with XDOC user attributes and security profiles. Here are just a few examples of what you can do with adLDAP. The second phase is the actual usage of the imported account by the QC user. Authentication mechanisms are now documented in the Access Control guide. There are several advantages to using API keys: Security: API keys are randomly generated and can't be used to log into Appian. Perform a POST to the providers/ldap URI to create the LDAP authentication provider on the BIG-IQ. 509, with AD and LDAP. LDAP authentication is incompatible with local authentication. LDAP / SSO Authentication. This article describes how to configure ADAM for regular LDAP communication and build a boilerplate ASP. The most common providers are. QC delegates the user's DN ('Distinguished Name' – a unique user identifier) as imported before to the LDAP and grants or denies access according to the LDAP reply. Active directory is an LDAP implementation by Microsoft for Windows. called for multifactor authentication, digital signatures, automated cloud user provisioning and API security. NET technology. In this article we will see how to do LDAP authentication usingSpring Boot. In the figure we can notice that users authenticate with the suffix "@sctc. The authenticate method will reject empty passwords outright. LDAP Authentication Settings. For more information on how to set up your LDAP test environment, go to LDAP development setup. Set this to LDAP authenticate first against the external sytem. For LDAP servers to be of any use, there must be clients to interact with them. For more information on how to set up your LDAP test environment, go to LDAP development setup. Grafana uses a third-party LDAP library under the hood that supports basic LDAP v3 functionality. Building Web API Solutions with Authentication Microsoft Developer. Apply the HTTP Basic Authentication policy to enforce your security manager policy. An optional value in milliseconds that defines for how long an idle connection to LDAP server will live before being closed. 0/authentication address. called for multifactor authentication, digital signatures, automated cloud user provisioning and API security. Snipe-IT is a free, open source IT asset management system. There are two options you can choose from: Authenticate using the operating system Authenticate using a. For a complete list of differences between Collaborator editions, please see the comparison page. Because the API has standard LDAP commands, developers write many kinds of programs that take advantage of LDAP, such as databases and office productivity software. This information may provide useful context when you configure an external LDAP with Apigee Edge. It is best practice to ensure API Portal user entries exist in the LDAP server and their roles are mapped to appropriate groups on the LDAP server before enabling the plugin. Manage LDAP Authentication. CA Live API Creator requires that the authentication provider supply the roles for a given API user defined in CA Live API Creator. This Web API need to check the user from AD Active Directory, as domain authentication using LDEP:// [HttpGet] public IHttpAction. LDAP / SSO Authentication. Active Directory ® & LDAP Reimagined JumpCloud’s Directory-as-a-Service ® centralizes and simplifies identity management. The limits differ per endpoint. " About configuring LDAP authentication for Splunk Enterprise. An authentication filter is a component that authenticates an HTTP request. I recently needed to write an app to authenticate users via Active Directory. The Basic HTTP Authentication scheme allows you to authenticate against Orchestrator or a third-party system by including an Authorization header in the. Configuring forms authentication. Authentication in LDAP The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is an application protocol for accessing and maintaining distributed directory information services over an IP network. [citation needed] The following diagrams highlight the differences between using OpenID (specifically designed as an authentication protocol) and OAuth for authentication. dll and System. Give your users one set of credentials to securely access their systems, apps, networks, and file servers - regardless of platform, protocol, provider, or location. customers’ servers. 2) The application sends the credentials to an Oracle DB. Extremely flexible and modular, Passport can be unobtrusively dropped in to any Express-based web application. Rackspace retains administrator access to vCenter Server and vCloud Director instances. I have already created LDAP authentication from end-to-end to authenticate users in the application and web API. They are provided for implementing advanced functionality in your scripts. mode - Optional. 1 User and App Authentication. SASL authentication binds the LDAP server to another authentication mechanism, like Kerberos. To perform authentication, the http_auth_request module makes an HTTP subrequest to the ldap‑auth daemon, which acts as intermediary and interprets the subrequest for the LDAP server – it uses HTTP for communication with NGINX Plus and the appropriate API for communication with the LDAP server. Thus, if the primary server fails, you will have to wait for the connection to time out before switching to the following one. This particular article was written using VB. The starting point of the LDAP search. enabled - whether LDAP authentication is enabled or not. It's often used for authentication and storing information about users, groups, and applications, but an LDAP directory server is a fairly general-purpose data store and can be used in a wide variety of applications. [authentication-mechanisms] passwd-ldap = libldapauthn. We have the option of LDAP or SAML for authentication, but only SAML for 2-factor. ldap ldap-authentication overlay rest api openldap perl Perl Updated Oct 5, 2018. System Administrator and LDAP Authentication. Their authentication is via LDAP, no APEX ID is created for them. The built-in basic auth should create this header for you and attach it to every request. This is the snippet Accessing LDAP using VB. x, please note that Spring Security 3. In practice this means that if the LDAP directory is configured to allow unauthenticated access, it might be possible to authenticate as any user. Features > Security. It’s often used for authentication and storing information about users, groups, and applications, but an LDAP directory server is a fairly general-purpose data store and can be used in a wide variety of applications. I able to configure our linux machine to use password from the LDAP server, however the configuration between LDAP-UX Client and Linux PAM is so much different. The comment. Importing Swagger REST API. This howto will show you how to store your users in LDAP and authenticate some of the services against it. Visual Studio 2017 and ASP. System Administrator and LDAP Authentication. an extension to the LDAP architecture. Verify that the security policy is now in effect - the endpoint of your API should now require authentication. Under the hood, the LDAP Interface is a cloud proxy that consumes LDAP commands and translates them to Okta API calls, providing a straightforward path to authenticate legacy LDAP apps in the cloud. If empty (default), the request will fail with an authentication failure 4xx. cal partner integration Advanced Address-List Advanced Banner Management Advanced Caching API Advanced FORM. Whether the authentication source is an Active Directory, a Novell eDirectory, or some other LDAP-enabled directory, the basic components (expressed as beans in Spring Framework lingo) that need to exist and be configured are the same: ldapTemplate In this bean, configure your LDAP server URL(s) and search base. Your Google users, groups, and shared contacts are synchronized to match the information in your LDAP server. Hi everybody, I have a FG100E (5. Your Google users, groups, and shared contacts are synchronized to match the information in your LDAP server. Active Directory is a popular LDAP implementation. If you have successfully configured the WSO2 AS with the LDAP, the server should be successfully started. The ldap realm enables you to map LDAP users to roles via their LDAP groups, or other metadata. When you configure LDAP authentication, you must configure SSL between the client and Impala, and between Impala and the LDAP server to avoid sending credentials over the wire in clear text. In LDAP v2, a client initiates a connection with the LDAP server by sending the server a "bind" operation that contains the authentication information. There are a few limitations to the conventional method used to enable LDAP authentication. Is there a way to authenticate to the API through LDAP or SAML? right now, the only way I can authenticate is by using a local static account that I have configured to have API access. Once the proxy is up and running, you need to configure your LDAP clients to use it for authentication. In the example above, Bearer authentication is applied globally to the whole API. In this tutorial, I show you how to authenticate users. 1 and how it relates to setting up a synchronization. Apply the HTTP Basic Authentication policy to enforce your security manager policy. edX is build on Django and Python, so I decided to explore how to implement LDAP with Python. Verify that the security policy is now in effect - the endpoint of your API should now require authentication. The data in your LDAP directory server is never modified or compromised. What is the LDAP API/framework being used? Below are some links that may help the poster of the question find a more useful answer out there in the Net, not just in Quora, which I really still. However, if the entry is going to be used for user authentication, the creation 'dn:' value becomes extremely important and defines the only possible logon DN. Something like on this guide: Cool MVC 5 guide to implement authentication with Active Directory. Joomla! has had a native LDAP library, JLDAP (changed to JClientLDAP in ) and a native LDAP authentication plugin. This document explains how authentication and authorization work on Apigee Edge. Snipe-IT is a free, open source IT asset management system. The Authentication Method by which the client authenticated to the DSA. This blog shows an example of how to configure LDAP authentication for OBIEE 11g (11. If you already have an internal IT infrastructure, it quite likely contains an LDAP server (possibly Active Directory, acting as an LDAP server) to serve user identities. Here is a short list and description. CAS authentication¶. You can also rename the file config. Adobe Connect Directory Service Integration for LDAP Sync and Authentication – Explained The following article is intended to show how the directory service integration works with the current release of Adobe Connect 9. For LDAP servers to be of any use, there must be clients to interact with them. There are 2 LDAP account and in which same AD server is included. LDAP for Rocket Scientists. As the application attempts to authenticate a user, it queries the target LDAP server. The limits differ per endpoint. # Turn on security: dbms. Integrating Microsoft Intune/Enterprise Mobility Suite with NetScaler (LDAP OTP Scenario) Deployment Guide Create loginSchemaPolicy for Dual Factor Auth and bind it to Authentication vServer As part of the advanced policy’s design, the UI and authentication logics are being separated. I want to use windows ldap apis to create user over a secure connection and don't want to use SSL. 0/authentication address. September 25, 2017 DevopsIdeas 0 Comments Basic Authentication, LDAP, openldap. Directory services may provide any organized set of records, often with a hierarchical structure. If the username and password are correct then a JWT authentication token and the user details are. Authentication happens with two binds, or LDAP logins: the first bind is as the "LDAP Login" you configure for the LDAP server assigned to the user role. LDAP directories are standard technology for storaging user, group and permission information and serving that to applications in the enterprise. Bridge existing Active Directory and LDAP identity. php to config. The ability to support LDAPv3 over SSL/TLS (ldaps or ldap with startTLS) is the only thing required for connecting to ED-Auth. your workaround. LDAP Authentication. ; base_dn The base distinguished name is the base distinguished name you'd like to perform operations on. When you configure LDAP authentication, you must configure SSL between the client and Impala, and between Impala and the LDAP server to avoid sending credentials over the wire in clear text. OpenDJ: REST to LDAP, part 3 On April 5, 2013 By Mark Craig In Directory Services and LDAP Since my last post on this topic , there have been some important changes in RESTful access to OpenDJ. CA Live API Creator requires that the authentication provider supply the roles for a given API user defined in CA Live API Creator. Authentication is activated in Reaper by default. For the first purpose (validating credentials) there is no real advantage in using LDAP vs SMTP auth but for the second purpose (validating a user's existence) there are several reasons why we suggest using LDAP authentication. Authentication in this scenario maybe be provided by the native LDAP solution, or with an external process, like SAML. Tutorial on how to implement form-based authentication for JSF 2. The limits differ per endpoint. 1 with the windows Server 2012 Active Directory using LDAP. This particular article was written using VB. This howto will show you how to store your users in LDAP and authenticate some of the services against it. LDAP Authentication and Authorization. Visual Studio 2017 and ASP. Specific Supported Profiles. For a school project, we have to implement LDAP authentication in edX. Configure an LDAP authentication server. rsd and Run History Summary. Now we created a successful Spring Security LDAP authentication application, we can write some integration tests to verify everything keeps working. This is sort of a combination of the previous two cases: API gateway is using Identity Cloud as the identity provider to authenticate the user. ActiveMQ 4. What This Does. However, if the entry is going to be used for user authentication, the creation 'dn:' value becomes extremely important and defines the only possible logon DN. I want to use windows ldap apis to create user over a secure connection and don't want to use SSL. The plugin allows for authentication of internal users to the API Portal and CMS, and authentication of external users to the API Portal. Initialize an LDAP session with a primary LDAP server. What is Gitblit? Gitblit is an open-source, pure Java stack for managing, viewing, and serving Git repositories. If your company uses Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), you can use the LDAP provider to authenticate Control Hub users. Scan Engine Group Operations. Here we will learn about spring security ldap authentication, authorisation and security related stuff with the help of LDAP Server. Avi Vantage supports user authentication using Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). User authentication is provided, but not the synchronization of user permissions and credentials. In the LDAP v3, this operation serves the same purpose, but it is optional. slapd - stand-alone LDAP daemon (server) libraries implementing the LDAP protocol, and utilities, tools, and sample clients. Before Cisco acquired Acano, this was referred to as a coSpace and in the API the older coSpace terminology still persists, so any API method mentioning a coSpace is referring to what we today call a Space. HiveServer2 (HS2) is a server interface that enables remote clients to execute queries against Hive and retrieve the results (a more detailed intro here). OAuth is an open standard for authorization that provides a process for end-users to authorize third-party access to their server resources without sharing their credentials (typically, a username and password pair).